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Author
[Manuscript]
Title
The Lake of the Deeds of Rama.
Published
Puspavati, possibly Punjab, 1842.
Description
Ink, gold and opaque watercolour on paper, 290 folios, 30 lines of Hindi in black Devanagari script to the page, headings in red, eight illustrations in the Kashmiri style, bound in chain stitch binding, patterned cotton cloth on pasteboard boards, 29 x 19 cm. Several features make this large copy of one of the Hindu classics an unusual manuscript. While very few illustrated manuscripts in the Kashmiri style bear colophon information, this manuscript bears not only a date (Samvat 1899/1842 CE), but also the name of the scribe and patron. According to the colophon at the end of the manuscript it was copied in ‘Puspavati by Amirachanda’ for a certain ‘Bhirguvasa’. Though Puspavati has not been identified, the portrait format and spacious style of the manuscript may be indications that it was made in the Punjab, rather than in Kashmir where rather more florid styles prevailed.
The manuscript is also a rare example of Kashmiri style illustrations accompanying a Hindi text, most Kashmiri work being confined to works in Sanskrit, Punjabi or Persian. ‘The Lake of the Deeds of Rama’ (Ramacaritamanasa) is a Hindi version of the Ramayana, composed around 1574 by the poet Tulasidasa (1532-1623). The work, which has been dubbed the ‘Hindi Bible’ on account of its popularity, consists of around 10,000 verses and is composed mostly in the doha and caupai metres. Another unusual copy of the Ramacaritamanasa illustrated in the Kashmiri style in the Punjab is in the National Museum Delhi, Acc. No. 86154/1-2, though this time the Hindi text has been copied in Persian nast‘aliq script (see Karuna Goswamy, Kashmiri Painting, New Delhi, M. 11, pp. 80-2 & pl. 16).
The manuscript contains 8 large miniature paintings in the Kashmiri style. Contemporary silk covers boards, with a stained cloth spine. Boards very rubbed and worn - contents good.

The coloured plates are as follows:

1. Janaka brings the newly weds to Dasharatha.
2. Rama, Sita and Lakshmana go into exile.
3. The abduction of Sita by Ravana while Rama is hunting.
4. Rama and Lakshmana talking to Sugriva Hanumana and other monkeys.
5. The building of the bridge to Lanka.
6. Hanuman's meeting with Sita in the Asoka grove.
7. The battle between Rama and Ravana.
8. The consecration (abhiseka) of Rama as king.
Hand coloured plates
8
Binding/Size
M=4to
Category
India, Manuscript, Religious/other
Value
$0-5,000
Stock ID
1517